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Hands-on Digital Publishing 2016

Overview

Do you have some Word, ODF, or XML documents, maybe with some images or videos,
that you want to publish to the web or publish as an epub? This course will show
you how to do precisely that – make a good-looking website or epub from your
documents. This is a hands-on course that complements the Publishing With XML course, and
follows on from the Hands-on
Introduction to XML
course.

We’ll use XSLT 2 to transform sample files into HTML5, style the pages to look
good using some of the new features available in CSS, and (if time permits) add
some simple interactivity using JavaScript. We’ll show you how to make your
website respond well to different screen sizes and devices, and how to create a
simple epub from the HTML and CSS. We’ll use Ruby as a scripting language to
pull all the pieces together. We will supply computers with the software
installed, and you can take the code you develop home with you.

Prerequisites: You should know at least as much XSLT as is taught in the Hands-on Introduction to
XML
, but advanced XSLT knowledge is not necessary. You should also know
as much CSS as is taught in the Hands-On Introduction. We do not expect you to
know JavaScript or Ruby. Experience in Perl, Python, Ruby, or some other
scripting language is an advantage, but not required. We’ll teach you enough to
get started.

This course is chaired by Lauren Wood and taught by Lauren Wood, Norm Walsh, Norman Gray, and Peter Flynn.

Classes for 2016

The Hands-on Digital Publishing course runs on
and
.

HTML and CSS: framework for websites and ePubs

Taught by Lauren Wood.

HTML5 is now the basis of both websites and ePubs. There is a lot of choice in
which elements to use and how to use them. This class will show some of the most
important elements in HTML5 and introduce you to some of the newer concepts.
Most websites these days use some sort of framework and we’ll introduce you to
some of the most popular. We’ll also cover how to write HTML5 that is compatible
with XML.

CSS3 is used as the basis for styling both modern websites and ePubs. It has
features to enable designs that look good on a desktop browser, your smartphone,
or another mobile device. This class will cover many of the useful features in
CSS3, as well as some of the common design frameworks and the design principles
used in creating sites that look good on multiple screen sizes.

Exercise: On paper, you’ll mock up some of the basic features of a web
site. You’ll annotate this with HTML elements and preliminary ideas on
design.

Converting XML to HTML

Taught by Norm Walsh.

There are certain things to watch for when converting XML to HTML. For standard
schemas there are often existing transformation stylesheets that are far more
than you need for your website or your ePub. This class will present guidelines
for converting from a standard XML format to the HTML that you need.

Exercise: We will provide some XML sample files for you to convert to HTML
using XSLT, and the basic stylesheet to get you started.

Word and other sources of XML — Maintaining a flow of information

Taught by Peter Flynn.

Word and OpenOffice files are often inputs to the publishing process, but by
default they are intended to be read by humans, not programs. Both of them use
XML to store the content and appearance, but to use the files in a production
environment they need machine-readable metadata to identify the structure. This
is usually in the form of named styles which provide both formatting and
functional identity.

Wordprocessor file are largely ‘flat’, with no hierarchical structure and no
containment. The first part of the class presents some guidelines to optimise
the document styling and minimise editorial intervention. A worked example is
combined with exercises to create a styled document ready for input.

The second part explains some of the techniques for transforming styled
wordprocessor files with XSLT2 into a target XML format. Often this will be
XHTML, but it could equally be DocBook, TEI, JATS, or another common vocabulary.
This part shows how get the most out of the document content, and also covers
the use of intermediate formats that can sometimes be useful to handle the lack
of containment. The final exercise is to write the XSLT2 to transform the
example document from the earlier exercise.

We provide some helper functions and model solutions. This class is based on
XSLT2, and identifies features not available in XSLT1.

Creating ePubs

Taught by Lauren Wood.

The core (preferred) ePub syntax has a substantial overlap with XHTML. This class
will touch on some of the major features. It will contain ‘just enough’ ePub
information to allow you to create an ePub in the hands-on exercise.

Automate, script, and unzip

Taught by Norman Gray.

There are lots of steps involved with creating a website or ePub. Many of these
can be automated using a scripting language. This class will show you how to use
Ruby to automate those small tasks such as pulling the actual XML out of a Word
XML file (which is really a zip file), copy the file to another directory, and
run the XSLT transformation.

Putting it all together

Taught by Lauren Wood,
Norm Walsh,
Norman Gray,
and Peter Flynn.

This class will show how all the pieces fit together. You will use the HTML and
CSS you designed and the XSLT you wrote to create a website (or ePub).